Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are the most common insecticides used to control bed bugs. Pyrethrins are extracted from chrysanthemum flowers. Pyrethroids are artificial. Both can kill infestations but, if the bed bugs develop resistance, they might only work temporarily.
Other products include acid, biochemicals and insect growth regulators. Varying the chemicals used may also reduce the risk of resistance. Pest control also has non-chemical methods to remove bed bugs, for example heat treatments.
These are bed bug removal methods you can try at home:
1. Drying clothing on a high heat: This might kill some of the bugs on bedding, but probably not all.
2. Steaming mattresses: The temperature must be at least 130F (54C) and the steamer should not have a forceful airflow. This can cause bed bugs to disperse.
3. Using bed bug traps: Place them under the legs of furniture. This helps to prevent bed bugs from climbing up chairs and beds.